153 peer-viewed studies or articles reporting significant effects from EMF exposures on wildlife.

1. Algers B, Hennichs K (1983). Biological effects of electromagnetic fields on vertebrates. Areview.Vet Res Commun; 6(4):265-79 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6359665

2. Altmann, G. and Warnke, U. (1976), Der Stoffwechsel von Bienen (Apis mellifica L.) im 50-Hz-Hochspannungsfeld.

 Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie, 80: 267–271.doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0418.1976.tb03324.xhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1439-0418.1976.tb03324.x/abstract

3. Balmori A. (2009a). Electromagnetic pollution from phone masts. Effects on wildlife.  Pathophysiology 16. 191–199.http://wifiinschools.org.uk/resources/Balmori+2009.pdf 

4. Balmori A. (2009b) The incidence of electromagnetic pollution on wild mammals: A new“poison” with a slow effect on nature? The Environmentalist . 30 (1), pg. 90-97. http://www.springerlink.com/content/e03764404274q481/

5. Balmori A. (2010). Mobile phone mast effects on common frog (Rana temporaria) tadpoles: thecity turned into a laboratory. Electromagn Biol Med. 29(1-2):31-5.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20560769

6. Balmori, A (2010). The incidence of electromagnetic pollution on wild mammals: A new“poison” with a slow effect on nature?The Environmentalist. 30(1): 90-97. DOI:10.1007/s10669-009-9248-y http://www.springerlink.com/content/e03764404274q481/

7. Balmori, A and Ö. Hallberg, (2007) The urban decline of the house sparrow (Passer domesticus):a possible link with electromagnetic radiation. Electromagn. Biol. Med. 26 141–151.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17613041

8. Balmori, A. (2005) Possible effects of electromagnetic fields from phone masts on a populationof white stork (Ciconia ciconia), Electromagn. Biol. Med. 24 109–119.www.buergerwelle.de/pdf/effects_of_emf_on_white_stork.pdf .

9. Balmori, A. (2006) The incidence of electromagnetic pollution on the amphibian decline: Is thisan important piece of the puzzle? Toxicological Environmental Chemistry 88(2): 287–299.http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/tandf/gtec/2006/00000088/00000002/art00010;jsessionid=45daaaisp3s1s.alexandra

10. Balode, S. (1996). Assessment of radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation by the micronucleustest in bovine peripheral erythrocytes. Sci. Total. Environm. 180: 81-85. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8717319

11. Bastide M, Youbicier-Simo BJ, Lebecq JC, Giaimis J. (2001). Toxicologic study of electromagnetic radiation emitted by television and video display screens and cellular telephones on chickens and mice. Indoor Built Environ 10:291–8.http://ibe.sagepub.com/content/10/5/291.abstract

12. Batellier F, I. Couty, D. Picard, J.P. Brillard (2008). Effects of exposing chicken eggs to a cell phone in ‘‘call’’ position over the entire incubation period. Theriogenology 69: 737–745 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18255134

13. Beason, RC and P. Semm (2002). Responses of neurons to an amplitude modulated microwavestimulus Neuroscience Letters 333: 175–178.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12429376

14. Becker RO (1984). Electromagnetic Controls Over Biological Growth Processes.  Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine 3(1-2). 105-118.http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15368378409035962

15. Begall S, Cerveny J, Neef J, Vojtech O, Burda H. (2008). Magnetic alignment in grazing andresting cattle and deer. Proc Natl Acad Sci 105(36):13451-5.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18725629

16. Berman, E. L., Chacon, D., House, B., Koch, A., Koch, W. E., et al.(1990). Development of chicken embryos in a pulsed magnetic field.  Bioelectromagnetics 11:169–187. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2242052 

17. Bernabò N, E. Tettamanti, V. Russo, A. Martelli, M. Turriani, M. Mattoli, B. Barboni (2010). Theriogenology. 73(9):1293-1305 http://www.theriojournal.com/article/S0093-691X(10)00047-6/abstract

18. Bigu J. (1973) National Research Centre of Canada. Extract from Ltr-CS-113 “Interaction of electromagnetic fields and living systems with special reference to birds.”http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16724328

19. Bigu-del-Blanco and Romero-Sierra (1975) The properties of bird feathers as converse piezoelectric transducers and as receptors of microwave radiation. I. Bird feathers asconverse piezoelectric transducers Biotelemetry 2:341-353.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1235241?dopt=AbstractPlus

20. Bigu-del-Blanco and Romero-Sierra (1975). The properties of bird feathers as converse piezoelectric transducers and as receptors of microwave radiation. II. Bird feathers asdielectric receptors of microwave radiation.  Biotelemetry 2:354-634 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1242004?dopt=AbstractPlus

21. Bindokas VP, Gauger JR, Greenberg B. (1988). Mechanism of biological effects observed inhoney bees (Apis mellifera, L.) hived under extra-high-voltage transmission lines:implications derived from bee exposure to simulated intense electric fields and shocks. Bioelectromagnetics. 9(3):285-301. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3178903?dopt=Abstract

22. Blackman CF, House DE, Benane SG, Joines WT, Spiegel RJ. (1988). Effect of ambient levelsof power-line-frequency electric fields on a developing vertebrate. Bioelectromagnetics ;9(2):129–140http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3377861

23. Briefing Paper on the Need for Research into the Cumulative Impacts of Communication Towerson Migratory Birds and Other Wildlife in the United Stateshttp://www.healthandenvironment.org/wg_emf_news/6144

24. Bruder B,. Boldt A. (1994). Homing pigeons under radio influence. Naturewissenschaften 81(7):316–17. http://www.springerlink.com/content/0028-1042/81/7/

25. Bryan TE, Gildersleeve RP. (1988). Effects of nonionizing radiation on birds. Comp Biochem Physiol A Comp Physiol. 89(4):511-30. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2899470

26. Burchard, J. F., H. Monardes, and D. H. Nguyen. (2003). Effect of 10kV, 30 μT, 60 Hz Electricand Magnetic Fields on Milk Production and Feed Intake in Nonpregnant Dairy Cattle. Bioelectromagnetics 24:557-563. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14603475

27. Burchard, J. F., Nguyen, D. H. and Rodriguez, R. (2006). Plasma concentrations of thyroxine indairy cows exposed to 60 Hz electric and magnetic fields.  Bioelectromagnetics 27: 553–559http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9771588

28. Burda H, S Begall, J Cervený, J Neef, and P Nemec (2009) Extremely low-frequencyelectromagnetic fields disrupt magnetic alignment of ruminants. PNAS. 106(14): 5708– 5713. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2667019/

29. Cammaerts MC, Debeir O, Cammaerts R. (2011). Changes in Paramecium caudatum (Protozoa)near a switched-on GSM telephone. Electromagn Biol Med. 30(1):57-66. http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/15368378.2011.566778

30. Cammaerts MC, P De Doncker, X Patris, F Bellens, Z Rachidi, D Cammaerts (2012). GSM900 MHz radiation inhibits ants’ association between food sites and encountered cues. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. Posted online on January 23, 2012. (doi:10.3109/15368378.2011.624661) http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/15368378.2011.624661

31. Clark MW, Gildersleeve RP, Thaxton JP, Parkhurst CR, McRee DI. (1987). Leukocyte numbersin hemorrhaged Japanese quail after microwave irradiation in ovo. Comp Biochem Physiol AComp Physiol. 87(4):923-32. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2887391

32. Colin ME, D. Richard, S. Chauzy (1991). Measurement of Electric Charges Carried by Bees:Evidence of Biological Variations. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine 10(1-2): 17–32. http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/15368379109031397

33. Corbet, SA, J Beament, and D Eisikowitch (1982). Are electrostatic forces involved in pollentransfer? Plant, Cell, and Environ. 5: 125-129. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-3040.ep11571488/abstract

34. Cramer , G. (2007). HAARP Transmissions May Accidentally be Jamming Bees Homing Ability http://www.hyperstealth.com/haarp/index.htm

35. Daniells, C., Duce, I., Thomas, D., Sewell, P., Tattersall, J., & de Pomerai, D. (1998).Transgenic nematodes as biomonitors of microwave-induced stress. Mutation Research,399(1), 55-64. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9635489

36. Delgado JMR (1985). Biological Effects of Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 4(1): 75–92 http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/15368378509040362

37. Doherty and Grubb, (1996). Effects of high-voltage power lines on birds breeding within the power lines electromagnetic fields. Sialia 18:129–134 http://audubon-omaha.org/bbbox/nabs/pdtg1.htm

38. Dongre S.D. and R.G.Verma (2009). Effect Of Cell Phone Radiation On Gauriya SparrowsPasser Domesticus. International Research Journal Vol. II, Issue -7http://ssmrae.com/admin/images/ddf68afa10cc9d1545ce7a5f0460bddf.pdf 

39. Durfee WK, Polk C, Smith LT,Yates VJ. (1975). Extremely Low Frequency Electric andMagnetic Fields in Domestic Birds. University of Rhode Island, Technical Report, Phase I(Continuous Wave), March 1, 1975.

40. Edwards, D. K. (1961). Influence of electrical field on pupation and oviposition in Nepytia phantasmaria stkr. (Lepidoptera, Geometridae). Nature 191, 976-993. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v191/n4792/abs/191976a0.html

41. Eskov EK.(2006). [Destabilization of the cardiac function of an insect by a low-frequencyelectric field]. Biofizika. 51(1):153-5. [Article in Russian].http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16521566

42. Eskov EK., Sapozhnikov AM (1976). [Mechanisms of generation and perception of electricfields by honey bees.]  Biophysik 21(6): 1097-1102. [Article in Russian]http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1009204

43. Everaert, J. & D. Bauwens, (2007) A possible effect of electromagnetic radiation from mobile phone base stations on the number of breeding House Sparrows (Passer domesticus), Electromagn. Biol. Med. 26 63–72. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17454083 Full text: http://www.ct.gov/csc/lib/csc/pendingproceeds/docket_409/inlandwetland/409-iw_exh69-79.pdf#page=17(p 40-49).

44. Farrell, J. M., Litovitz, T. L., Penafiel, M., Montrose, C.J., Doinov, P., Barber, M., Brown, K.M., and Litovitz, T. A. (1997). The effect of pulsed and sinusoidal magnetic fields on themorphology of developing chick embryos. Bioelectromagnetics 18:431–438. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9261540

45. Favre, D. (2011). Mobile phone-induced honeybee worker piping.  Apidologie. http://www.springerlink.com/content/bx23551862212177/fulltext.pdf 

46. Fernie KJ, Reynolds SJ. (2005). The effects of electromagnetic fields from power lines on avian reproductive biology and physiology: a review. Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev.  8(2):127-40. http://www.ierp.bham.ac.uk/documents/pub_Fernie_and_Reynolds_2005.pdf 

47. Fernie, K.J, D.M. Bird, R.D. Dawson, P.C. Lague, (2000) Effects of electromagnetic fields onthe reproductive success of American kestrels, Physiol. Biochem. Zool. 73 60–65. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10685907

48. Fernie, K.J. & D.M. Bird, (1999) Effects of electromagnetic fields on body mass and food-intake of American kestrels,

Condor 101 616–621. http://www.avaate.org/IMG/pdf/fernie_cernicalos.pdf 

49. Fernie, K.J. & D.M. Bird, (2001) Evidence of oxidative stress in American kestrels exposed toelectromagnetic fields, Environ. Res.

A 86 198–207. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11437466

50. Fernie, K.J., D M Bird, and D Petitclerc. (1999). Effects of electromagnetic fields on photophasic circulating melatonin levels in American kestrels. Environ Health Perspect.107(11): 901–904. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1566687/

51. Fernie, K.J., N.J. Leonard, D.M. Bird. (2000). Behavior of free-ranging and captive Americankestrels under electromagnetic fields, J. Toxicol. Environ. Health, Part A 59. 597–603. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10839495

52. Friend AW, E. D. Finch and H. P. Schwan. (1975). Low frequency electric field inducedchanges in the shape and motility of amoebas. Science, 187: 357-359. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1111109

53. Gabar, A.A. (2010). Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Radiation. PhD Thesis. Agricultural University of Athens. http://dspace.aua.gr/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10329/817/Gabr_A.pdf?sequence=1

54. Galvin MJ, McRee DI, Hall CA, Thaxton JP, Parkhurst CR. (1981). Humoral and cell-mediatedimmune function in adult Japanese Quail following exposure to 2.45-GHz microwaveradiation during embryogeny. Bioelectromagnetics. 2(3):269-78. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7306223

55. Gildersleeve RP, Bryan TE, Galvin MJ, McRee DI, Thaxton JP. (1988). Serum enzymes inhemorrhaged Japanese quail after microwave irradiation during embryogeny. Comp Biochem Physiol A Comp Physiol. 89(4):531-4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2899471

56. Gildersleeve RP, MJGalvin, DI McRee, JP Thaxton (1986). Response of Japanese quail tohemorrhagic stress after exposure to microwave radiation during embryogeny. Comp Biochem Physiol A Comp Physiol. 85(4): 679-687. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=2879671

57. Gildersleeve RP, Satterlee DG, McRee DI, Bryan TE, Parkhurst CR. (1988). Plasmacorticosterone in hemorrhaged Japanese quail after microwave irradiation in ovo. Comp Biochem Physiol A Comp Physiol. 89(3):415-24.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2896572

58. Gonet, B., Kosik-Bogacka, D.I., Kuźna-Grygiel, W. (2009). Effects of extremely low-frequencymagnetic fields on the oviposition of  Drosophila melanogaster over three generations. Bioelectromagnetics. 30(8):687-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19630039

59. Goodman, E.M., Greenbaum, B., and Marron, M.T. (1976). Effects of extremely low frequencyelectromagnetic fields on Physarum polycephalum.  Radiat. Res. 66:531. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3574457?uid=3738776&uid=2&uid=4&sid=47698820671907

60. Graue, L.C. (1975). Orientation of homing pigeons (Columbia livia) exposed to electromagneticfields at Project Sanguine’s Wisconsin test facility. In Compilation of Navy Sponsored ELF  Biomedical and Ecological Research Reports, vol. I. Bethesda, Md: Naval Research and Development Command.

61. Greenberg B, J. C. Kunich, V. P. Binokas. (1978). Effect of High Voltage Transmission on Honeybees, paper presented at 18th Annual Life Sciences Symposium, Richland, Wn.,October 16-18,1978.